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What Language Was The Bible Originally Written

The Bible is a timeless testament of faith that has been read by millions of people all over the world. But what language was the Bible originally written in? During its long and varied history spanning centuries, parts of the Bible have been written in Greek, Aramaic, and the ancient Hebrew language.

The earliest portions of the Bible were written in the Hebrew language. Hebrew, a Semitic language, is believed to have originated in the region of the Middle East now known as Israel around the 13th century BC. It has been estimated that Moses, the character often credited with writing the first five books of the Hebrew Bible and the alleged author of the Torah, lived around the 15th century BC. So, it is likely that the initial recordings of the Biblical texts were penned in written Hebrew, although the spoken language of this period is believed to have been Canaanite.

The New Testament of the Bible was written primarily in Greek, a language that had been widely used in the region at the time of Jesus. Although Jesus is believed to have spoken both Hebrew and Aramaic, it is thought that the writers of the New Testament, who documented Jesus’ life and deeds, may have used the Greek language due to the spread of Hellenism and its influence on other language groups of the same region at that time.

The texts that make up the Bible have gone through age-long translations and adaptations by people throughout history. With all of these translations, it can be difficult to ascertain which language an original version (if any) of the Bible was written in. Though the full scope of the process of translation is complex, it has been widely accepted that the earliest existing documents of the Bible were written in the ancient languages of Hebrew and Greek.

Since the Hebrew Bible is so widespread, some may think that it is the original Bible. However, that is not necessarily the case. It is likely that until the New Testament was added to the existing holy texts, only parts of the Bible were written in Hebrew. This is because during the Bronze Age, Aramaic, an ancient language originating in the Middle East, was the most commonly written and spoken language.

In the 16th century, when the printing press enabled the mass-production of books and texts, the Bible was translated and printed in many other languages. Today, it is available in a vast number of languages, including Spanish, French, Chinese, and even sign language.

It is worth noting that the language of the Bible only accounts for most of its original version. Translators must have observed a certain amount of accuracy when translating in order to preserve the original intent of the text. For example, understanding the unique words and phrases being used, as well as the concept of puns, metaphors, and figures of speech used by the original authors.

Influence of Hebrew and Greek Language on the Bible

The Bible is a complex compilation of stories, letters, books, genealogies, and religious teachings. To understand its content, one must take into account the various cultural references and language nuances of the original sources from which it was written. Hebrew and Greek are especially important when it comes to comprehending the Bible since the ancient languages provide a great deal of insight and context to the text.

In order to understand its full meaning, the reader should be aware of the nuanced meanings of words and the contexts in which they were used in the original texts. Apart from its literal interpretation, the Bible is also loaded with deeper linguistic layers of meaning making it almost a code to be cracked. To that end, both Hebrew and Greek language have also been used to highlight and explain the symbolic meaning of words and phrases in the Bible.

For example, the Hebrew word ‘Ruach’ is often translated into ‘spirit’, which is then interpreted not only as the spirit of God but also as the breath of life. Similarly, the Greek word ‘Logos’ appears in the Bible as a concept for divinity and word of God and is repeatedly used to demonstrate the Lord’s power, truth and order. Thus, it is evident that Hebrew and Greek language has played an integral role in understanding and interpreting religious texts.

Major Translation Events in the Bible’s History

Throughout history, the Bible has been translated into other languages. The earliest known translation of the Bible from Aramaic and Hebrew was the Septuagint in the 3rd century BC, which was translated into Greek. The Latin Vulgate, written by Saint Jerome in the late 4th century, became the official version of the Bible used in the Roman Catholic Church. This version was further simplified and abbreviated, resulting in the Breviarium Salicum or Salic Breviary, which was used until Pope Pius VII ordered the Latin Bible to be re-established.

More recently, the first translation of the Bible into English was undertaken by John Wycliffe in 1382. Although his translation was restricted to the Latin texts, it had a tremendous influence on transforming the English language and religious culture. This was followed by the Tyndale Bible in 1525, which was the first printed English Bible, and the King James Bible in 1611.

Afterwards, more revisions were made to these translations, including the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) in 1989 and the English Standard Version (ESV) in 2001. Additionally, modern translations, such as the Good News Bible, have been made available to those with a more contemporary or non-literal approach to reading the scriptures.

The Preservation of the Bible Across Time

The preservation of the Bible across time has been an impressive feat. There is evidence to believe that the original texts of the Bible may have been written before the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek versions that are known of today. However, it is likely that much of the unknown information has been carried away through the years and lost to history.

One way these original versions have been preserved for posterity is through the Masoretic Texts. These are ancient Hebrew manuscripts that were transcribed and systematically collated by scribes between 600 and 1000 AD, containing what is considered to be the most accurate version of the Old Testament. Similarly, the Septuagint, which is the Greek translation of the Old Testament, has been carefully preserved and is used alongside the Hebrew Masoretic Text in textual analysis to this day.

In addition to the manual preservation of the Bible, computer-assisted textual analysis has also proven to be highly effective. By using computer algorithms to analyze the hundreds of ancient biblical texts, researchers are able to recognize patterns and detect textual differences. This has allowed them to better understand the finer points of linguistics, uncover the development and evolution of biblical texts, and arrive closer to reaching the original versions of the Bible.

The Purpose of Translating Bible

The main purpose of translating the Bible is to allow people from different parts of the world and from varying cultural, linguistic and religious backgrounds to access its teachings with ease. Translating has been key in the spread of Christianity, as it has enabled people from various parts of the world to draw close to religious teachings without having to learn Hebrew and Greek.

It is also worth noting that during the Middle Ages in Europe, the Latin Bible was used as a tool for education. This allowed the clergy and monks to spread the knowledge found within the Bible to the public. Having the Bible available to the public gave people access to relative information, avoided misinterpretation and enabled them to contemplate its many mysteries.

Today, with more translations to different languages being accessible, more individuals can learn about and develop an understanding of its teachings. Ultimately, as more people around the world gain access to the Bible, personal interpretations and insights can be drawn from it and its foundational truth can be shared across cultures.


To understand the Bible in its entirety, we must understand the language in which it was originally written. Although the earliest existing documents of the Bible were written in the ancient languages of Hebrew and Greek, many other languages have also been employed to translate the holy scriptures. Over the years, the process of translating the Bible has increased its access and readership, allowing its teachings to be shared with a wider audience.

Hilda Scott is an avid explorer of the Bible and inteprator of its gospel. She is passionate about researching and uncovering the mysteries that lie in this sacred book. She hopes to use her knowledge and expertise to bring faith and God closer to people all around the world.

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