What Does The Bible Say About Water

Mathematical Viewpoint

The Bible often speaks of water in a spiritual and metaphorical sense, as symbolizing life and eternal salvation. But it also speaks of water in a more literal sense. The book of Ecclesiastes says, “God made the rivers to divide the land from the waters.” And the book of Proverbs tells us that “all the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full.” From a mathematical viewpoint, these verses refer to the fact that the water on the earth is constantly circulating and cycling through the atmosphere, land and oceans – known as the global hydrological cycle.
The hydrological cycle is a complex set of processes that include evaporation, condensation and precipitation. All of these processes require energy and can be studied mathematically – in terms of the energy budget and mass balance. The earth’s water is constantly in motion – evaporating from oceans, rivers and lakes and then condensing as clouds and falling back as rain or snow. This cycle is essential for maintaining healthy ecosystems and sustaining life on earth.

Biblical Relevance

The Bible contains numerous references to water, both literal and metaphorical. The book of Genesis states that God separated the waters above the firmament from the waters below it, symbolizing his act of creating and sustaining the universe. In Exodus, God parted the Red Sea for the Israelites and provided them with water from a rock. In John 4, Jesus states that his true followers can have an eternal fountain of living water.
In addition to these and other examples, there are also several metaphorically rich passages that feature water. For instance, the book of Isaiah speaks of God as a river of everlasting joy and of a river of life flowing from the throne of God. The book of Psalms speaks of God as the fountain of life and of living water refreshing and restoring us.

Scientific Reflections

Water has long been seen as a source of life and spiritual sustenance. The scientific research being done into the properties of water has only strengthened this belief. In 2003, Japanese scientist Masaru Emoto conducted a series of experiments on water molecules and discovered that exposure to different kinds of energy – music, prayer, etc. – can affect their crystal structure. This indicates that water has a certain level of consciousness, and that it can be “programmed” with different vibrations and energies.
This research once again highlights the importance of water in our physical and spiritual lives. From a scientific perspective, water is essential for all forms of life, from microorganisms to humans. At the same time, it is a powerful symbol of regeneration and healing, of life-giving forces that are beyond our understanding.

Societal Impact

Water is a vital resource for all life, yet it is is often taken for granted. In many parts of the world, large amounts of water are wasted on unnecessary activities and luxuries. Industrial activities like fracking and oil extraction have polluted large bodies of water, leading to significant health issues for local populations. In many areas, access to safe drinking water is limited, leading to countless cases of water-related diseases.
The Bible speaks of water as a source of sustenance and healing, but it also speaks of its misuse and exploitation. In the book of Exodus, God brings a curse of drought and plagues upon Pharaoh and his people for their refusal to let the Israelites go. This serves as a warning about the consequences of neglecting God’s commands and disregarding his creation.

Environmental Impact

There have been numerous reports of global water crises, from regions suffering from drought to areas affected by severe flooding. As a result, there is a growing need to protect and preserve our water resources. Many countries have adopted stringent regulations to prevent water pollution and mitigate the impacts of climate change.
Additionally, there is an increasing awareness of the importance of water conservation. This includes reducing water waste, using more efficient appliances and investing in sustainable water management practices. These efforts are driven by both economic and environmental interests, but they are also grounded in the moral precepts of the Bible, which emphasize the stewardship of God’s creation.

Spiritual Significance

In the Bible, water is seen as an essential life-giving force. It serves as a metaphor for the spiritual journey and for the power of transformation. At its core, water symbolizes our relationship with God and his love for us. The book of Revelation speaks of a river of life flowing from God’s throne, and of a pure river of the water of life, a stream that never runs dry. This speaks to the idea that our faith, hope and love will never be extinguished.
In the end, water in the Bible is not just a substance, but also a symbol of our faith and an expression of God’s love and grace. Whether we are struggling with physical or spiritual thirst, God promises that living water will always be available to us.


The Bible speaks of water not just as a physical substance, but also as a spiritual presence. In the book of Exodus, God commands Moses to strike a rock and water will come forth – a symbol of God’s covenant with his people. Throughout the Bible, water is used as a metaphor for rebirth and renewal – to represent the power of God to cleanse, heal and restore us.
Water also connects us to each other. The book of Genesis speaks of the “waters of creation” as the place of unity and harmony that existed in the Garden of Eden – a reminder of what we can all become. As believers in Christ, we are connected to each other through the water of baptism and the Lord’s Supper, symbols of our collective commitment to follow Christ.

Aesthetic Significance

The Bible often uses water to emphasize the beauty of creation. In the Psalms, David speaks of the “wonders of the deep” and compares the sea to the glory of God. In the book of Revelation, the river of life is described as giving off a healing light and its source is compared to the gates of pearl.
The beauty of water also touches us on a deeper level. Our relationship with water can be a reflection of our relationship with God – having moments of stillness, peace and clarity. Water also helps us to become aware of our connection to the natural world – to experience awe, gratitude and humility in the presence of God’s creation.

Mystical Meaning

Water has been used in many mystical and spiritual traditions to represent the presence of God. Water is associated with purification, healing, fertility and abundance. It is also seen as a symbol of grace, forgiveness, renewal and transformation.
In many religious rites, water is used to cleanse away spiritual impurities. This is a reminder that our spiritual journey is about letting go of the things that bind us and embracing a new way of living. In some traditions, water is also used to signify the passage from one phase of life to another – from birth to death or from spiritual initiation to full enlightenment.


The Bible speaks of water in many different contexts – as a physical resource, a spiritual presence, a symbol of harmony and beauty, a mystical reality and more. We may never be able to fully understand the mystery and power of water, but we can take comfort in knowing that it is a source of life and transformation. As believers, it is our honor and privilege to steward this precious gift, and to use it to bring healing, renewal and grace to the world.

Marcos Reyna is a Christian author and speaker. He is dedicated to helping create disciples of Christ through spreading the power of the gospel to others. He has written several books and articles on a variety of theological topics, including matters of faith, worship, biblical studies, practical ethics, and social justice. A trained theologian and devotee of spiritual writing, Marcos has a mission to spread Christian love everywhere. He lives with his family in Nashville, TN where he spends his days encouraging others to seek Christ's grace in all things.

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