Where In The Bible Does It Talk About Abortion

The Bible and Abortion

The Bible is a collection of ancient scriptures that provides guidance on many topics, so it is no surprise that it contains evidence about abortion. Bible passages contain references to the taking of innocent life and discuss the consequences of this act. Bible teaching on the subject is varied and complex, but it is clear that the Bible does not always oppose the ending of a pregnancy.

In the Old Testament, there is a law in the Book of Exodus that states: “If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman’s husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.” This passage has traditionally been interpreted to mean that life begins at conception and that if a woman miscarries as a result of a physical altercation, the perpetrator should be punished.

However, some scholars argue the passage should not be read as a statement that life begins at conception, but rather as a simple understanding of the physical consequences of a physical attack. In other words, the law is not suggesting that the fetus is a person or that a miscarriage is always a crime but when there is an attack, the perpetrator must be held accountable for any damage.

The most influential passages about abortion can be found in the New Testament. In the Gospel of Luke, Jesus mentions a woman in a parable who is pregnant with a child and the story can be read as an allegory for abortion. The woman in question is said to have “thought within herself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no husband?” Jesus then tells her that she should “cast out her child.”

This passage has been interpreted by many to mean that Jesus was implying that abortion is acceptable in certain cases, but there is no clear answer to this question in the Bible. Others believe that Jesus is referring to adoption, or possibly the right to choose not to have a child. Ultimately, it is up to the reader to decide whether the passage is in favor of, or against, abortion.

One thing is certain, however: the Bible is not clear on the issue of abortion. It can be seen as either right or wrong and it is difficult to draw a definite conclusion. In many cases, it is up to the reader to consider the wider context of the passages and determine if they are pro-life or pro-choice. Whilst certain passages may hint at one side or the other, it is impossible to determine the definitive answer from the Biblical text alone.

Historical Perspective

Abortion has been a controversial topic throughout history. In the ancient world, it was generally accepted as a part of family planning. In Greece and Rome, for example, abortion was legal and widely practiced. In the Jewish tradition, abortion was outlawed during certain periods, but later, Jewish rabbis permitted abortion under certain conditions.

In the Middle Ages, abortion began to be seen by the Catholic Church as a sin, a view which has remained largely unchanged to this day. Protestant beliefs on abortion have varied, but in recent years, there is a widespread consensus that abortion is wrong in most cases. Today, there is still a great deal of debate and disagreement about what the Bible has to say about abortion.

Modern Legal Landscape

The modern legal landscape surrounding abortion is constantly shifting. In the United States, abortion rights are currently protected under Roe v. Wade, a landmark Supreme Court decision of 1973. But multiple laws, known as “fetal protection laws” have since been passed which severely restrict abortion access. These laws range from mandatory waiting periods to parental notification requirements.

In other countries, abortion is either strictly illegal or it is allowed under strict conditions. In Canada, abortion access is largely unrestricted, while in many European countries, abortion is available on request up to 12 weeks into the pregnancy. In some countries, such as Ireland and Poland, abortion is only allowed in cases of rape, incest, or when the life of the mother is at risk.

Expert Perspectives

Experts from all sides of the abortion debate have sought to explain the Bible’s teachings on the topic. Pro-choice and pro-life advocates both cite biblical passages to support their views. Some religious scholars and theologians argue that the Bible does indeed prohibit abortion and suggest that it is the taking of an innocent life. Others have suggested that not all abortions are wrong, depending on the situation and the stage of development of the fetus.

In the end, it is up to each individual to decide the moral implications of abortion. People should weigh the ethical considerations and religious teachings, as well as consider their own personal beliefs, before making any decisions. It is ultimately a deeply personal decision, and it should not be taken lightly.

Religious Perspectives

Religion plays an important role in shaping how people view the topic of abortion. The Bible has been used by both sides of the abortion debate to support their views, and different denominations and religions have different opinions on abortion. The Catholic Church, for example, firmly opposes the procedure. Other Christian denominations, such as the Episcopal Church, take a more nuanced view and believe that abortion can be morally permissible in certain circumstances.

Many religious organizations have also taken steps to provide support to women who have faced unplanned pregnancy. In the United States, for instance, numerous faith-based organizations provide a range of services to women facing crisis pregnancies, including but not limited to abortion counseling, material aid, and youth services.

Social Constructs

Social constructs such as gender, class, and culture also play a role in how people view abortion. In many countries, women are denied access to safe, legal abortion services, and it is usually the most socially and economically disadvantaged women who suffer the most from unsafe abortions. Women from poorer backgrounds often have fewer resources to access abortion services and may face stigma and discrimination for having an abortion.

It is important to recognize that abortion is a complex, sensitive topic and there is no single ‘correct’ answer that applies to all people in all situations. Ultimately, it is a deeply personal decision and every individual should be supported and respected in this decision.

Public Opinion

Public opinion on abortion has shifted significantly over the last few decades. In many countries, a majority of people now believes that abortion should remain legal and accessible. In the United States, for example, polls suggest that a majority of people believe that abortion should remain legal in all or most cases. Similarly, a majority of people in the United Kingdom and other European countries support a woman’s right to choose whether or not to have an abortion.

Of course, public opinion is not the same as religious belief, and different denominations will continue to debate the ethical implications of abortion in the Bible. Nevertheless, it is clear that public opinion has come to view abortion as an important and complex issue that requires a nuanced approach taking into account the social, economic, and religious factors.

Ethical Considerations

As well as religious values, ethical considerations have to be taken into account when making a decision about abortion. Ethical principles such as autonomy, respect for life, and justice all have to be taken into account in order to make a responsible decision. Proponents of abortion rights often cite the concept of “personal autonomy” which implies that a woman has a right to make her own decisions about her life and body.

However, opponents of abortion often argue that an unborn child still has rights and that abortion is an act of violence and injustice towards the unborn. Whatever one’s view on abortion, it is important to consider the various ethical considerations and how they apply to each individual case.


Where in the Bible does it talk about abortion? The answer is not straightforward and it ultimately depends on the individual interpretation of the text. There are many who believe that the Bible clearly condemns abortion, while others believe it to be acceptable in certain cases. Whatever one’s perspective, it is important to take into account all perspectives in order to come to a fair and ethical decision.

Hilda Scott is an avid explorer of the Bible and inteprator of its gospel. She is passionate about researching and uncovering the mysteries that lie in this sacred book. She hopes to use her knowledge and expertise to bring faith and God closer to people all around the world.

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