What Is An Ephah In The Bible

The concept of an ephah appears throughout the Bible, but what exactly is an ephah and how does it relate to other passages? An ephah is a unit of measurement that is connected to specific stories within scripture and also used in commerce, but it also carries additional spiritual and symbolic significance.

To begin, let us first examine the definition of an ephah. The simplest explanation is that an ephah is a dry measure of grain, roughly equivalent to 18 liters or about 4.5 gallons by modern standards. It takes its name from a Hebrew word meaning “measure”, and appears in multiple stories from both the Old and New Testament.

In the Old Testament, Abraham is recorded as using an ephah to measure out supplies to the three visitors who later revealed themselves as angels to him. In the New Testament, Jesus tells a parable involving a farmer who measures out three ephahs of seed for harvesting. Later, an ephah is used to measure out wine at the wedding in Cana.

The ephah also has a long history of being used in commercial transactions. In ancient Israelite culture, certain grains such as barley or wheat were typically measured out in ephahs when it came time to buy or sell. This system was adopted by many Canaanite and Babylonian cultures as well.

However, an ephah can also represent more than just its literal meaning. When featured in the Bible, it often carries an additional symbolic significance that ties to a larger message. For example, in the parable of the sower, the three ephahs of seed that were sown by the farmer could represent three levels of faith, with each one reaping a different harvest depending on how much faith was put into it.

Similarly, the number three itself is often connected to the concept of a trinity and can represent the connection of the Old and New Testaments in Christian tradition. In this context, the ephah can be seen to represent the small acts of faith that can have great reward when combined.

In the book of Ezekiel, an ephah plays another important role. In this particular story, an ephah of barley is used as a balance for weighing metal, which then coincides with the delivery of metals to Jerusalem for construction. While the physical metal being delivered serves as a literal representation of the spiritual metal of the city of Jerusalem, the ephah is a symbolic reminder of the equal balance of measure needed for justice.


The concept of an ephah is also used to represent justice in terms of theology. In this context, it is seen as a form of retribution for offences. In the book of Leviticus, it is ordered that an ephah of barley “for every tabernacle” should be used as a measure of restitution. This could represent the idea that, even in a world that is imperfect, there will be an effort to ensure justice is done.

In other areas, equitable decisions can be reasoned out by asking the practical question of “What is an ephah?” Biblical wisdom looks to how a reasonable balanced measure should be taken in order to address a situation. When the task of judgement is given to man, they are asked to be reasonable in their decision-making and give just restitution in whatever form is appropriate.


The concept of an ephah also appears in Jewish and Christian traditions, typically in the form of offerings. According to Exodus 29:40, a burnt offering given to the Lord should include an ephah of fine flour mixed with olive oil, and is considered an appropriate offering for forgiveness of sin. This idea of restitution to appease the divine is a common theme in both religious texts.

In the Christian tradition, Jesus spent time teaching about the concept of an ephah on multiple occasions. He even used it as an analogy to demonstrate his own sacrifice, noting that it was “good measure, pressed down and shaken together and running over”He may also have been conveying the idea that no one should be content to measure out a small portion, but instead be willing to give their all.


Due to its many appearances throughout scripture, the ephah has evolved to symbolize different things to various people. To adherents of various faiths, the ephah can represent loyalty, justice and piety all in one. It also serves as a reminder of the value of moderation, being careful not to measure out too much, or too little of something.

It can also be seen as a reminder of the importance of living a balanced life, not sacrificing too much to obtain something, or expecting too much from the world. As a symbol of the faithful, it provides instruction to keep one’s life in moderation, so that the balance of deference and reverence for the divine is kept in harmony.

The Human Connection

The ephah ultimately serves as a reminder that God is always striving to bring a sense of balance to the world, offering justice and helping to bring order when it may seem like chaos. Through its various appearances in scripture, the concept of an ephah is used to emphasize lessons of faith, hope, love and even justice. It allows the reader of scripture to draw an immediate connection to the world they inhabit and provides a reminder of the expectations of those within it.

As a symbol, the ephah offers a reminder that we are balanced, that our faith and our actions are intertwined, as is our understanding of justice. The ephah stands for justice, moderation and temperance, and it offers a lesson of mercy, as well as a reminder that it is within our power to offer help and bring solace when it is needed most.

Examples in Modern Society

In many ways, the ephah still applies in modern society. In terms of justice, it is a reminder of a judgment system that works impartially, weighing all things equally. The ephah is also an example of a compassionate and merciful God, and a reminder that He always strives for balance and justice.

In the commercial sense, the use of an ephah can be seen to represent a system of fair and equitable trade. Additionally, the ephah can also serve as a reminder of the importance of idea of moderating our expectations and walking with integrity. Finally, it stands out as a reminder of our connection to something bigger than ourselves, offering a path back to balance and justice.


In essence, the ephah is a significant symbol throughout the Bible, used both literally and metaphorically. It is a reminder of the importance of justice and how to view the world through balance and moderation. The ephah also points to an ultimate truth in scripture, that God seeks balance when it is lacking and mercy when it is needed.

Marcos Reyna is a Christian author and speaker. He is dedicated to helping create disciples of Christ through spreading the power of the gospel to others. He has written several books and articles on a variety of theological topics, including matters of faith, worship, biblical studies, practical ethics, and social justice. A trained theologian and devotee of spiritual writing, Marcos has a mission to spread Christian love everywhere. He lives with his family in Nashville, TN where he spends his days encouraging others to seek Christ's grace in all things.

Leave a Comment