What Does Gluttony Mean In The Bible

When discussing gluttony, the Bible is one of the most frequently referred sources of wisdom and guidance. It is no wonder why someone would look to the Bible for answers concerning one of the Seven Deadly Sins. Gluttony, in the context of the Bible, is defined as having an excessive appetite for food or desire for pleasure. It is considered to be a severe form of pride, where one pursues their physical desires over spiritual enrichment.

Some experts point to the story of Adam and Eve’s ejection from the Garden of Eden as the earliest biblical reference to gluttony. In this story, Adam and Eve follow their physical desires above the instructions of God, and as such, suffer the consequences for their gluttony. Indeed, throughout the Bible, gluttony is often used to represent being too trusting in physical desires, and not relying upon spiritual directives.

It is also widely accepted that the issue of gluttony was an important theme throughout the biblical book of Proverbs. Everywhere from Proverbs 23:2, to Proverbs 25:16, to Proverbs 28:7, we can find numerous warnings and admonitions against gluttony. In the Book of Proverbs, we can also discern the potential rewards of curbing one’s desires. Rather than succumbing to the sin of gluttony, it is best to exert discipline and control. By maintaining a firm grip on our basic desires, we can properly pursue long-term, principle-centered goals instead of our temporary, immediate pleasures.

Aside from the teachings of Proverbs, the book of Isaiah provides one of the most memorable condemnations of gluttony. In Isaiah 5:12, we can find the famous line, “the harp and the viol, the tabret and pipe and wine are in their feasts,” which is a scathing critique of those who criticize the hungry and impoverished, yet, at the same time, pursue their own excesses with gluttony and with wine.

Jude also admonishes us to act properly and in moderation with faith as the guiding star. When we are tempted with the passion of gluttony, we must avoid it, just as Jude 1:12 implores us not to let short-sighted desires impede our pursuit of righteousness. Keeping our passions and passions in check, there will be fewer opportunities to abandon our faith for eternal pleasures.

We can also ask ourselves whether in today’s context, gluttony has lost its relevance and meaning. Does it still apply to us? Are there still circumstances in which one would knowingly, or unknowingly, pursue the sin of gluttony?

The answer is yes. Just as it was centuries ago, gluttony can still impact our lives today. For instance, the common phrase “you are what you eat” is more than just a saying: it aptly illustrates how in today’s society, where over-indulging in dangerous substances or substances can be easy, it is important to practice healthy discipline over our pursuit of physical pleasure.

Fortunately, the Bible offers us guidance on how to counter our urges of gluttony. Specifically, 1 Corinthians 10:13 succinctly summarizes how to combat gluttony: “God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able, but will with the temptation also make a way for you to escape.”

Excessive Consumption

Gluttony can manifest itself in many ways, from overeating to overspending. In both cases, there is a lack of self-control when indulging in the pleasure and satisfaction of life. Excessive consumption of mundane things shows a lack of self-control and greediness, which the Bible condemns. In fact, Ecclesiastes 6:2 states that an excess of possessions is not a blessing, but it’s a burden. In other words, the more an individual gets, the more they will feel the need to acquire. This is gluttony at its core.

Moreover, the Bible refers to humility as the opposite of gluttony. By continually recognizing our limited capabilities and limitations on knowledge, we can better understand what is truly important in life, as opposed to feeding our short-term desires. We can balance both our physical and spiritual needs. Practicing humility helps us stay away from gluttony’s powerful grip on our lives.

When we are mindful of our abilities and focus on what is essential, we will be less likely to overindulge and feed into gluttony’s temptation. Therefore, it is imperative to practice a healthy amount of abstinence from pleasures that will not ultimately benefit us.

Excessive consumption can also be seen in an array of vices, such as laziness and slothfulness. In both cases, consequences arise when overindulging in them and to excess: laziness can lead to idleness and slothfulness to a lack of ambition. These actions result in a lack of motivation and productivity. This can have many negative impacts on one’s life and can be seen even in the workplace. In this sense, practicing moderation helps us lead a productive and meaningful life.


Gluttony can also extend beyond food and materialism, as it pertains to a lack of generosity as well. Greediness is a form of gluttony, because it involves an obsession over having more. It is seen through individuals starving for power, money, or control, for example. Greediness is the opposite of the biblical commandment to love our neighbor as ourselves.

That being said, we must apply the concept of moderation to our behavior as well. If we show kindness, humility, and generosity, then we may be able to abstain from indulging in the sin of gluttony. Therefore, we can tilt our passion towards esteeming others, respecting all life, and leading with our personal example over our desire for power, respect, and recognition.

Additionally, Jesus’ life serves as a reminder of the importance of humility. He never craved fame or greed. Instead, Jesus showed the utmost respect for all people, no matter their circumstances. This compassionate and empathetic behavior got Jesus crucified, as it was seen as a threat to the Roman Empire. In this sense, we must remember to stay true to our faith, even in the face of opposition, and lead a life that is reflective of our values.

Education and Awareness

Lastly, when it comes to fighting against the sin of gluttony, education and awareness are key. We must be aware of the power of gluttony and how it can easily creep into our behavior if we do not practice moderation. One great way of accessibly learning about the sin of gluttony is by reading the Bible, as there are many references to it throughout different books and chapters.

We must also understand the power of impulses and constantly stay aware of temptation. It is crucial to pay attention and control our desires in order to fight against the sin of gluttony. We must be mindful of why and how we are considering a certain action in our lives, and seek to pursue moral, spiritual and physical growth rather than pleasure-seeking.

By being aware of our values and understanding our motivations and limitations, we can actively fight against the sin of gluttony. We can put in the effort to remain steadfast in our convictions and to look for the path that leads to knowledge and generosity rather than power, vanity, and pride.

Confronting Temptations

The concept of confronting our temptations plays an important role in preventing gluttony. It is difficult to avoid gluttony as an individual, especially when there are so many alluring temptations surrounding us. In this sense, relying on our faith can be very beneficial. It helps us find the strength and courage to confront our temptations and abstain from committing the sin of gluttony.

Ultimately, we must remember to be faithful to our faith and to practice moderation and control. The more we can remain focused on our principles and values instead of trying to flee the reality of life, the better we can avoid gluttony’s grip. In this sense, it is important to rely on our faith to assess our current situation and to remember that we are far more than our physical being.

When it comes to gluttony, it is of utmost importance to assess how our behavior is impacting our faith. We must stay positive, hopeful, and direct our energy towards achieving our long-term goals. By remembering this and keeping a positive mentality, we can fight against the sin of gluttony.


To fight against gluttony, it is also important to have a clear and full understanding of oneself. We must become aware of our thoughts and actions and recognize our weaknesses. As human beings, we have a tendency to follow our impulses and desires and neglect our values and principles. That is why it is important to take the time to reflect and understand who we are and what we are striving for in life.

We can better appreciate our value system and purpose by recognizing our limitations, which will help us stay opposed to gluttony’s power. Additionally, we can take simplistic and practical measures to better our self-knowledge and fight against the sin of gluttony. For example, we can practice affirmations or positive visualizations, learn mindfulness techniques to better our thought process, or practice meaningful conversations.

Moreover, the Bible encourages self-love and understanding. In many Bible passages, we can read about how one should show love for themselves and others. Gluttony can often manifest itself in negative self-talk. That is why it is important to develop a positive and loving attitude towards ourselves and not allow our weaknesses or any kind of void to consume us.

Knowledge as Power

Ultimately, knowledge is power when it comes to managing one’s impulses and desires. Applying our spiritual and academic studies can help us successfully fight against the sin of gluttony. We must always strive to continually better ourselves and practice self-care in order to remain balanced and in control of our passions and desires.

By combining our spiritual studies, education, and self-awareness, we can recognize the power of gluttony and tackle it head-on. As the Bible reiterates, it is important to stay disciplined and practice moderation throughout our lives. Moreover, it is essential to remember that our faith and trust should always be placed in God, instead of in the physical incentives that can be attained through gluttony.

Marcos Reyna is a Christian author and speaker. He is dedicated to helping create disciples of Christ through spreading the power of the gospel to others. He has written several books and articles on a variety of theological topics, including matters of faith, worship, biblical studies, practical ethics, and social justice. A trained theologian and devotee of spiritual writing, Marcos has a mission to spread Christian love everywhere. He lives with his family in Nashville, TN where he spends his days encouraging others to seek Christ's grace in all things.

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