What Does Glutton Mean In The Bible

Definition of Glutton in The Bible

Gluttony is mentioned multiple times in The Bible. In Exodus 34:7 it states, “Keep the Sabbath day, and revere my sanctuary. I am the LORD. 8 Do not profane my holy name; I must be acknowledged as holy by the Israelites. I am the LORD, who makes you holy. 9 Do not take up the name of the LORD your God in vain. The LORD will not let anyone go unpunished who takes up his name in vain. 10 Keep the Sabbath day, as I commanded your ancestors. 11 They were to humble themselves for six days and then work for six days. But on the seventh day they were to rest, so that their ox and donkey could rest and the slave, foreigner, and the widow all could be refreshed. 12 Respect and fear your God. I am the LORD. 13 Do not turn away from following me. And do not worship other gods or bow down to any idol. 14 Do not go Glutton, or get drunk with wine. Instead, be filled with the spirit.”

Scripture is clear that excess of anything can lead to sin and gluttony is a form of overindulgence. We learn from this passage that it is an act in which an individual consumes more than necessary, without consideration of the consequences. Gluttony can lead to negative behavior and is considered a sin in The Bible.

God’s Warnings Regarding Gluttony

The Lord warned the Israelites not to eat in excess and warned them of the danger associated with not respecting part of the law. In Proverbs 23:20-21 it is written, “Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat, for drunkards and gluttons become poor, and drowsiness clothes them in rags.” In 1 Corinthians 10:31 Paul says, “Eat any kind of food offered to you, without asking questions because of your conscience.”

The Bible emphasizes that indulging in gluttony is not proper and one should not act as such. Only eating when truly hungry and not over consuming is aligned with biblical principles.

Discussion Among Biblical Scholars

Biblical scholars interpret the term “glutton” to imply a person who consumes more than what is necessary and does so often, with disregard for the consequences. It is viewed as an extreme form of gluttony that can be considered sinful, as it is directed against the divine command to eat in moderation or out of gluttony. The three key characteristics of gluttony then become: excess, frequency and disregard.

In addition, many scholars interpret the term glutton as describing a wasteful lifestyle. Gluttons are seen as people who consume more than they actually need. They are reproached for wasting resources and acting in a manner that disregards the needs of their fellow man.

Evidence of The Bible Linking Glutton and Health

Studies have indicated that the Bible offers advice on healthy eating and diet based on divine revelations. One of the key reasons that gluttony is viewed as a sin is due to the risk it can have on physical health. Gluttony puts people at a greater risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney problems and mental health issues.

The Bible contains passages that can serve as a warning against overindulgence and the consequences of gluttony. Proverbs 23:2 “Put a knife to your throat if you are given to gluttony.” This serves as a warning from God against excess and gluttony.

Modern Society And Gluttony

In modern society, gluttony is a significant problem due to the availability of high-calorie foods, oversized meals and the normalization of consuming high levels of food for pleasure. Gluttony is an issue in many countries and its widespread impact can lead to a variety of health problems.

When discussing gluttony, it is important to understand its implications and the risks associated with it. Eating a healthy, balanced diet is important in order to avoid health risks such as those associated with gluttony. It is important to be conscious of both quantity and quality when it comes to food, as overindulging in unhealthy foods can be just as detrimental to one’s health as gluttony.

The Idea Of Self-control

When discussing gluttony, the Bible makes it clear that it is important for people to practice self-control when it comes to dietary habits. In Proverbs 25:16 it is stated, “Do not eat too much honey, or it will make you sick.” This passage serves as a reminder that it is important to practice moderation and restraint when it comes to dietary habits in order to avoid potential health risks.

The Bible does not condemn or condone the consumption of food; rather, it is concerned with the idea of self-control. Eating in moderation is a key principle in The Bible and can help people avoid health issues associated with overindulgence.

Contextualizing The Idea Of Gluttony

When dealing with the concept of gluttony, it is important to contextually understand the term. Gluttony is not simply overeating; it is a form of indulgence in which an individual goes beyond what is necessary or deemed acceptable and ignores the potential consequences of doing so. By understanding gluttony in its entirety, individuals can avoid potential consequences associated with overindulgence in food.

The ancient world had a strong view of food and with it came the concept of gluttony. Gluttony is seen as a sin in historical and religious texts such as The Bible. The Bible recognizes that indulgence can lead to serious consequences when it comes to health and advises individuals to practice moderation and restraint when it comes to dietary habits.

The Nature Of Vice And Virtue

When discussing the concept of gluttony and its related consequences, it is important to consider the idea of vice and virtue. Vice is defined as an immoral act, whereas virtue is defined as a morally good action. The Bible condemns gluttony as a vice, as it is an act of overindulgence that can lead to a variety of negative consequences, both personal and collective.

Furthermore, the virtue of temperance is discussed in The Bible. Temperance is defined as the practice of self-regulation. In this sense, gluttony is seen as an abdication of service and a breach in the area of temperance. Self-control and moderation are key virtues found in the Bible when it comes to dietary habits.

The Nature Of Moderation

At the heart of The Bible’s teachings on gluttony is the idea of moderation. Consuming food in moderation can help individuals maintain a healthy and balanced diet, as well as avoid the risks associated with gluttony. The Bible encourages individuals to eat in moderation and advises against overindulgence in food.

Practicing moderation and temperance can lead to a healthier lifestyle, both physically and mentally. In 1 Corinthians 6:12 it states, “Everything is permissible, but not everything is beneficial.” This passage serves as a reminder that although it is permissible to indulge, it is not necessarily beneficial to do so. Moderation is key when it comes to avoiding potential negative consequences associated with overindulgence.


In conclusion, gluttony is an act of overindulgence in food, seen as a sin in The Bible. It is a form of indulgence that disregards potential consequences and is seen as a wasteful lifestyle. The Bible warns of the risks associated with gluttony and encourages individuals to practice moderation and restraint when it comes to food. Additionally, it encourages temperance as a virtue and advises against overindulgence. By understanding the concept of gluttony, individuals can avoid potential health risks associated with it and practice moderation when it comes to food.

Marcos Reyna is a Christian author and speaker. He is dedicated to helping create disciples of Christ through spreading the power of the gospel to others. He has written several books and articles on a variety of theological topics, including matters of faith, worship, biblical studies, practical ethics, and social justice. A trained theologian and devotee of spiritual writing, Marcos has a mission to spread Christian love everywhere. He lives with his family in Nashville, TN where he spends his days encouraging others to seek Christ's grace in all things.

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