What Are The 66 Books Of The Bible

The Bible is the holy book for Christians and is divided into two parts – the Old Testament and New Testament. There are sixty-six books in the Bible, thirty-nine in the Old Testament and twenty seven in the New Testament. It is widely acknowledged that the Bible is an integral foundation of the Christian faith, influencing beliefs, customs and ceremonies. Below, we examine the 66 books of the Bible and explore their significance.

Old Testament Canon

The Old Testament has thirty-nine books, divided into five categories: the Pentateuch, Historical Books, Poetry and Wisdom Literature, Major Prophetic Books, and Minor Prophetic Books. The Pentateuch – the first five books – are attributed to Moses, which include Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The Historical Books, Poetry and Wisdom Literature, and the two categories of Prophetic Books make up the remainder of the Old Testament Canon. These books are mostly attributed to other authors and contain scriptures from over another five centuries.

Book of the Law

The Bible often refers to the Book of the Law, which contains the laws of God as revealed to Moses. This collection of laws is seen in the first five books of the Bible – also known as the Torah or Pentateuch – which were written over the course of centuries. These laws were regarded as extremely important for the ancient Israelites, many of which were taken into account when making decisions about political, religious and social matters. Additionally, the laws outlined in the Books of the Law were extremely influential in the development of Christian doctrine.

New Testament Canon

The New Testament is considerably shorter than the Old Testament, consisting of just twenty seven books. These writings were authored by the apostles and other early believers and contribute significantly to the Christian faith. The New Testament books can be subdivided into four categories: the Gospels, Historical Books, Pauline Epistles, and General Epistles. The four Gospels are named after their respective authors: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The remainder of the New Testament consists of the last twelve books, which cover a range of topics including church organization and authority, evangelism, love and patience.


There are several additional books which are not part of either the Old or New Testament, known as the Apocrypha books. A large number of these texts were written during or around the time of the New Testament, but the church has not declared them as ‘inspired’. Some churches accept these books as part of the Bible, however, Catholics, Episcopalians and Orthodox Christians commonly accept them as a supplement to Scripture. The books of the Apocrypha take a variety of forms, including memoirs, letters and short stories.

Revelation of Jesus Christ

The Bible also contains the Revelation of Jesus Christ, written by John the Apostle on the island of Patmos. This book contains a prophetic vision of the end of the world and various apocalyptic events, as well as a description of the New Jerusalem. The vivid imagery included in the Revelation of Jesus Christ has been interpreted in countless ways and has become a topic of fascination in religious and secular contexts alike.

Implications of the 66 Books of the Bible

The books of the Bible form an important part of the history of Christianity, as well as being incredibly significant to the faith of believers. The Bible offers insight into the values and beliefs of Christianity, as well as providing guidance and an example to follow. Overall, the sixty-six books of the Bible provide insight into the formation and progress of Christianity through centuries of revelation, and hold significant spiritual and moral significance to modern believers.

Connection between the Old and New Testaments

The Old Testament and New Testament have many similarities and complement each other in the way they provide a larger context for understanding Christian theology. For example, the Old Testament contains prophetic vision of certain events fulfilled in the New Testament; such as the expectation of a Messiah, which was fulfilled in Jesus’ birth. Additionally, the New Testament expounds on the promise of salvation as laid out in the Old Testament, offering believers an even deeper understanding of God’s grace.

Interpretation of Scriptural Text

The Bible has the capacity to be read in different ways and the texts, stories and parables can often be interpreted in several ways. Christian beliefs, values and customs differ from one denomination to another, as well as from region to region. Different faiths can sometimes be seen as ‘mutually exclusive’, however, approaches to interpreting the Bible can often bring denominations closer together. Regardless of how the Bible is interpreted, it remains a powerful force in the world and continues to shape the culture of Christian societies.

Significance of the 66 Books of the Bible

The sixty-six books of the Bible are an expression of divine wisdom, and many important events, beliefs and stories are embedded in their pages. These books serve as an enduring guide to living ethically, and also provide comfort and solace to those who endure suffering. Furthermore, the Bible holds a prominent place in the societies of much of the Western world, having profoundly influenced the culture, art and literature of society over the centuries.

Key Messages and Life Lessons of the Bible

One of the most important aspects of the Bible is the lessons it provides for humankind. These lessons are conveyed to readers through various key messages, including the power of faith, duty to others, trust and love, and the importance of forgiveness. Additionally, the Bible offers wisdom to readers on many practical topics such as work, money, parenting and marriage. As such, the books of the Bible provide invaluable principles of life which are capable of transforming the lives of individuals and entire societies.

Inclusion of Poetry and Wisdom Literature in The Bible

The Bible contains a range of beautiful and emotive poetry, stories and wisdom literature, which are attributed to various authors from the past. This literature provides insight into the emotions and beliefs of its authors, and makes the Bible a uniquely personal work. Additionally, the poetic form used in the Bible contains many useful moral lessons which modern readers can contemplate. Writers of the Middle Ages were strongly influenced by Biblical poetry, and the inclusion of this literature in the Bible continues to influence contemporary society today.

Interpretations of the Bible by Different Scholars

The Bible has been interpreted in different ways by scholars throughout the centuries, and continues to be the object of much debate. Scholars have different approaches to understanding the texts of the Bible, which are often shaped by their individual beliefs, backgrounds, and approaches to interpretation. Bible interpretation has also been relied upon to inform social, political and religious practices, often referred to as Biblical hermeneutics; the ways in which a text is interpreted. The range of interpretations the Bible allows offers readers access to a vast wealth of knowledge.

Considerations of Biblical Scholarship and Criticism

The Bible has been subject to a number of different interpretations, both within academic and religious circles. As such, there have been a number of criticisms and considerations of Biblical scholarship. The development of higher criticism during the nineteenth century, for example, saw an increased focus on the historical contexts of the Bible and the authorship of its texts. Additionally, modern analysis of the Bible often combines both religious and academic approaches, with scholars taking an impartial approach to understanding the text.

Marcos Reyna is a Christian author and speaker. He is dedicated to helping create disciples of Christ through spreading the power of the gospel to others. He has written several books and articles on a variety of theological topics, including matters of faith, worship, biblical studies, practical ethics, and social justice. A trained theologian and devotee of spiritual writing, Marcos has a mission to spread Christian love everywhere. He lives with his family in Nashville, TN where he spends his days encouraging others to seek Christ's grace in all things.

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