Did Solomon Marry The Queen Of Sheba In The Bible


The Bible contains numerous references to Queen of Sheba and her famous visit to Jerusalem. She is one of the few biblical figures praised for her wisdom and judgement. However, it is still a matter of debate among scholars whether she ever married the King Solomon or not. This article will introduce the Queen of Sheba, explore the historical evidence of her marriage to Solomon and analyze other possible interpretations of their relationship from religious perspectives.

The Queen of Sheba

In Jewish and Islamic traditions, the Queen of Sheba is identified as Makeda, the grand daughter of Tubal, the son of Yafet, who is mentioned in the genealogies of Genesis. The Bible does not provide much information about her identity, other than she was a female ruler of Ethiopia who ventured to the city of Jerusalem in the tenth century BC. The account of her visit is recorded in 1 Kings 10:1-13 and 2 Chronicles 9:1-12.

Historical Evidence of Marriage

The Bible does not provide a direct answer to the question of whether or not Solomon married the Queen of Sheba. However, there are some historical records that suggest the possibility of a marriage between them. The well-known poet, Homer, wrote that King Solomon “married the female monarch of Ethiopia.” Similarly, Josephus and Philo also testify to a possible marriage.
The marriage between Solomon and the Queen of Sheba is also hinted at in the Midrash Rabbah, a Jewish rabbinical commentary on the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. The Midrash suggests that that Solomon had numerous wives and concubines, some of whom were from foreign nations, and that he gave the Queen of Sheba in marriage to his son Rehoboam.

Religious Perspectives on Their Relationship

While some scholars believe that Solomon and the Queen of Sheba may have been married, others point to religious interpretations that paint the relationship in a different light. In Islamic sources, for example, the Queen of Sheba is said to have come to Jerusalem not to marry Solomon, but to test him and learn from his wisdom. According to this interpretation, the Queen admired Solomon from a distance, and the two parted without getting married.
Furthermore, Jewish sources suggest that Solomon could have pursued the Queen of Sheba with his eye only, as is implied in the Song of Songs, written by his son: “look not upon me, because I am black.” In addition, some Christian scholars have claimed that the relationship between the two was a sign of kingship, not a romantic union.

Other Interpretations

When looking at the relationship between Solomon and the Queen of Sheba in a broader context, it is possible that there was never a direct, romantic relationship between them at all. Many scholars have suggested that their relationship was much more symbolic, a diplomatic union that was designed to bring peace between two nations.
The Queen of Sheba gave Solomon many gifts when she visited him in Jerusalem, and it is possible that these gifts were symbolic payments or offerings from a vassal leader to a greater power. It is also possible that Solomon allowed the Queen to visit Jerusalem as a sign of his respect or admiration for her as a leader and a wise woman.

Deeper Lessons

Regardless of whether or not the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon were actually married, their Biblical story offers many important lessons about the nature of relationships and their importance in society. By symbolizing a potential union between two powerful nations, the Bible implies the importance of understanding and cooperation in the international arena. It also shows us the potential strength of human connection and the power of respect and admiration.

Connotations of the Marriage

The relationship between the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon has also been interpreted as a sign of power. By marrying a foreign leader, Solomon symbolized his own strength as a ruler and his ability to command loyalty from his subjects and his allies. This relationship also speaks to the wider power of strategic alliances, whether between nations or between two people.

The Queen of Sheba’s Legacy

The Queen of Sheba has become a symbol of wisdom and power in many cultures throughout the world, and she continues to be a source of fascination and admiration. From a symbolic level, she is often seen as a strong female leader who visited Jerusalem in an act of bravery and humility. On a deeper level, her presence reminds us of the importance of connecting with others and understanding different worldviews.


The debate over the relationship between the Queen of Sheba and King Solomon is an ongoing one, and it is unlikely to be resolved anytime soon. While some scholars believe that they were married, others have suggested that their relationship was more symbolic. Ultimately, the story of this Biblical couple serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of understanding and unified front, and of the strength in relationships both between individuals and between nations.

Marcos Reyna is a Christian author and speaker. He is dedicated to helping create disciples of Christ through spreading the power of the gospel to others. He has written several books and articles on a variety of theological topics, including matters of faith, worship, biblical studies, practical ethics, and social justice. A trained theologian and devotee of spiritual writing, Marcos has a mission to spread Christian love everywhere. He lives with his family in Nashville, TN where he spends his days encouraging others to seek Christ's grace in all things.

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